Things You'll Need:
Non-virgin Olive (not Virgin) Oil
Measuring Cups And Spoons
Soap Making 101
Dissolve 12 oz. lye in 32 oz. softened water(purified water) in a plastic or glass bowl. If at all possible, do this outside or under an exhaust fan. You can buy lye at your local wal-mart.
Add the lye to the water, not vice versa. Pour the lye slowly and in a steady stream, and stir constantly with a plastic spoon.
Set the mixture aside to cool as it will heat up due to a chemical reaction between the lye and water. The mixture will also heat up considerably due to the lye reacting with fats in the oils when mixed later. This is called saponification.
Melt 24 oz. coconut oil and 38 oz. solid vegetable shortening in a stainless steel pot.
Add 25 oz. olive oil (not virgin) and any fragrance oils you want to use. Other oils can be used besides olive. Heat the oils between 110 to 150 degrees, do not allow to boil.
Allow the oils to cool.
Grease the soap mold with Crisco.
When both the oil and lye mixtures have cooled to room temperature, slowly combine them, adding the lye to the oils.
Stir slowly and constantly. If you see bubbles, stir more slowly.
Drizzle the soap into the pot once in a while. When it keeps its shape momentarily before sinking into the rest of the mix (tracing), it's time to add whatever extras you want.
Stir your botanicals, grains and coloring into a cup of soap taken from the mix.
Combine that back into the original mixture.
Pour the soap into the mold.
Wrap the mold in a towel and leave it undisturbed for 18 hours. The soap mixture will heat up and then cool down. Avoid uncovering it until it's cooled.
Allow the soap to sit in the uncovered mold for another 12 hours.
Loosen the sides by wiggling the mold a little.
Turn the mold over onto a clean counter.
Cut the soap into bars with a knife. Some people use a miter box to make square corners.
Allow the bars to cure for three to four weeks before using. Smaller bars cure faster than larger ones.
Mix candle coloring into the oil solution. If it's wax-based, melt it first in a couple of tablespoons of oil and then add it to the rest of the oil mix.
Realize that you can also use crayons for coloring. Experiment with colors. Note that purples are very difficult to keep true.
Use 1 tsp. per pound of soap of the following ingredients: cocoa powder for brown, cayenne pepper for pink-peach, liquid chlorophyll for light green, turmeric for yellow, paprika for peach and titanium dioxide for white.
Use 1 oz. essential oil to scent a 4-lb. batch of soap.
Know that 2 tsp. ground cloves makes a great-smelling soap. Try grated orange or lemon peel or ginger, too.
Use rose water instead of regular water for rose soap.
Oatmeal makes a great complexion soap. Use 8 oz.
Add 4 oz. cornmeal for a gritty texture.
Make soap with 1/2 oz. geranium oil for dry skin.
Use tea tree oil - 1/2 oz. - for problem skin.